- "There was an idea... called the Avengers Initiative. The idea was to bring together a group of of remarkable people to see if they could become something more. To see if they could work together when we needed them to, to fight the battles that we never could. "
- ―Nick Fury to the Avengers after Phil Coulson's death.[src]
Although the exact purpose of the initiative has not been directly explained on-screen, it is implied that it employs people with special powers and abilities to defend the Earth against threats that may be too imminent and massive to handle.
The Avengers Initiative is said to have once been been scrapped in favour of "Phase 2", which involves using the Red Skull's research of the Tesseract to develop and distribute weapons of mass destruction to combat extraterrestrial attacks, following the arrival of the Destroyer and Thor in New Mexico.
Those involved with the Avenger Initiative include:
Fury is the director of S.H.I.E.L.D. who takes professional and personal interest in the Avengers Initiative.
Nick Fury's right-hand woman.
Coulson contacts Stark about his escape from the Ten Rings in Afghanistan and discovers Mjölnir in a New Mexican desert. It is revealed in the final episode of Season 1 of Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. by Nick Fury that Coulson himself, is an Avenger.
Selvig is brought in after being involved in New Mexico, Fury asked him to look at the Tesseract.
Romanoff investigates the suitability of Tony Stark for the Avenger Initiative under the name of Natalie Rushmann.
As the world's greatest marksman and founding member, Barton is more than qualified to be an Avenger.
Rogers was recruited by Fury for a new mission after involvement with WWII.
Stark is brought on as a consultant for the Iron Man suit by Nick Fury.
Due to gifted intelligence and exposure to gamma radiation, Bruce is recruited as an Avenger.
Thor is (perhaps informally) recruited as an Avenger, at least by the time Loki makes his attack on earth.
- The Avengers Initiative has a lot of resemblance to the Ultimates program in the limited series The Ultimates, in that the group is formed as a government-sponsored team to combat the threat of the Chitauri.